Volume 10, Issue 2 (6-2007)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2007, 10(2): 67-72 | Back to browse issues page

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, masoudyy2003@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (16476 Views)
Introduction: In order to determine the importance and power of physical examination diagnosis, we decided to compare the results of physical examination in patients with distal forearm penetrating wound and whatever is observed during surgery as golden standard. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional analythical study was performed on 91 patients with distal forearm sharp injury. Findings of physical examination were compared to what was found during surgery (definitive diagnosis) as golden standard. Results: Based on findings, physical examination value of diagnosis for FDP and FDS was determined. In FDS clinical examination value had 88% sensitivity, 40% specificity, 94% positive predictive value, 22% negative predictive value and 1.46 positive likelihood ratio, and 0.3 negative likelihood ratio and FDP clinical examination value had 97% sensitivity, 25% specificity, 93% positive predictive value, 50% negative predictive value, 1.29 positive likelihood ratio and 0.12 negative likelihood ratio. Conclusion: Physical examination view point of rule in of flexor tendon injury because of sharp and penetrating trauma is more valuable than rule out.
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Subject: General
Received: 2008/08/5