Volume 15, Issue 7 (December 2012)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2012, 15(7): 19-29 | Back to browse issues page

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1- faculty of public health, Tehran university of med.sci.
2- faculty of public health, Tehran university of med.sci. , ahmad_jonidi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (14625 Views)
Background: Nowadays, international concern about the impact of antibiotic residues on the environment increased and their removal has received a lot of consideration. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficiency of Fenton’s advanced oxidation process (H2O2/Fe+2) in sulfadiazine antibiotic removal from aqueous solutions. Materials and Methods: An experimental-laboratory scale study was done on a synthetic wastewater containing sulfadiazine antibiotic with 0.079, 0.19, and 0.47 mM concentrations under Fenton’s process. Then optimal values of affecting parameters, such as initial antibiotic concentration, molar ratio of reagents, [Fe+2] and [H2O2] concentration, detention time, and pH, were determined. The discharged effluent analyzed by HPLC-UV to identify the antibiotic residues. Results: The results showed that the optimal parameters in the Fenton’s oxidation process to remove the sulfadiazine included antibiotics at pH 3.5, molar ratio of [H2O2] / [Fe +2] equal to 1.5, and contact time of 15 minutes, respectively. In these optimal conditions, the efficiency of removal of antibiotic in concentrations of 0.079, 0.19, and 0.47 mM were 99.82%, 97.97% and 78.23% and the wastewater COD removal degrees were 83.33%, 78.57%, and 78.57%, respectively. Conclusion: The experiments showed the efficient removal of sulfadiazine antibiotic in wastewater by Fenton’s oxidation process. The efficiency of this method can also be considered in eliminating other antibiotics resistant to biological treatment
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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Health
Received: 2011/10/29 | Accepted: 2012/11/27

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