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Volume 16, Issue 1 (4-2013)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2013, 16(1): 10-15 | Back to browse issues page

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Behruzi A R, Hadi H A, Ghandi A R, Esmaili A. The Prevalence of Scoliosis in Pupils Aged 9-16 in Arak: 2011-2012. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2013; 16 (1) :10-15
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-1761-en.html
1- Department of Orthopedics, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran , dr.behrouzi@arakmu.ac.ir
2- Department of Orthopedics, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
3- Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
Abstract:   (8540 Views)

Background: Noticing the particular importance of timely detection of scoliosis due to its progression over the time and associated complications such as non-symmetric appearance, movement restrictions, and sometimes disturbance in cardiac or respiratory function, this screening study was designed to investigate the prevalence of scoliosis in pupils aged 9-16 in Arak.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 984 students aged 9-16 years in Arak, Iran, who were randomly selected by clustering method, were screened for scoliosis by Adams test and suspected pupils were examined by orthopedics and PA X-ray was applied for them. For diagnosis confirmation, the Cobb angle was calculated and angle>6 was considered as scoliosis.

Results: Based on the results, the prevalence of scoliosis was 1.52% and 1.21% in female students and 3.21% in male students. The Cobb angle of about 67% of the cases was less than 10 which indicated minor scoliosis.

Conclusion: The results of the present study necessitate school-based scoliosis screening so that early detection of the disease allows for implementation of a suitable treatment program which can prevent the development of the disease and the financial burden of surgery and its complications.

Full-Text [PDF 191 kb]   (2333 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Ortopedia
Received: 2012/06/20 | Accepted: 2013/08/28

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