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Volume 21, Issue 7 (2-2019)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2019, 21(7): 112-122 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghorbanalipour A A, Motamedi P, Rajabi H, Karami H. The Effect of Endurance Training on Angiostatin and Enos Gene Expression of Cardiac Tissue in Type 2 Diabetic Male Wistar Rats. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2019; 21 (7) :112-122
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-5700-en.html
1- Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science, International Campus of Kharazmi University, Karaj, Iran.
2- Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Kharazmi University, Karaj, Iran. , pezhman.motamedi@khu.ac.ir
3- Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Kharazmi University, Karaj, Iran.
4- Department of Molecular Medicine and Biotechnology, Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
Abstract:   (604 Views)
Background and Aim: The eNOS gene that is responsible for the production of nitric oxide and angiostatin is an inhibitor of angiogenesis. The aim of present study was to investigate the effect of endurance training on angiostatin and eNOS gene expression of cardiac tissue in type 2 diabetic male wistar rats.
Materials and Methods: In an experimental study, 36 male wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups, Diabetic Endurance Training (DET, n=12), Diabetic Control (DC, n=12) and Healthy Control (HC, n=12). Type 2 diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ. The endurance training included 10 weeks, 5 sessions per week running at speed of 27 m/min for 15 minutes in 1st week and reached to 27 m/min for 60 min/day in 9th weeks. The animals were sacrificed 24 h after last training session and the samples were taken from cardiac tissue. The gene expression of angiostatin and eNOS were examined by Real-Time PCR. The one-way ANOVA was used to analysis the data. The significant level was set at p<0.05.
Ethical Considerations: This study was approved in Research Ethics Committee of Arak university of medical sciences with the code IR.ARAKMU.REC.1394.329.
Findings: The gene expression of angiostatin and eNOS of DC group showed significant increase compared to HC group (p =0.000). The endurance training induced significant decrease in the gene expression of angiostatin and eNOS compared to DC group (p =0.000).
Conclusion: It appears that gene expression of angiostatin and eNOS of diabetic cardiac tissue are affected by positive effect of endurance training.
Full-Text [PDF 567 kb]   (219 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: General
Received: 2018/04/4 | Accepted: 2018/07/25

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