Volume 22, Issue 3 (8-2019)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2019, 22(3): 129-147 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Psychology, Farabi Campus of University of Tehran, Qom, Iran.
2- Health Promotion Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Department of Health Psychology, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health (Tehran Institute of Psychiatry), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , habibi.m@iums.ac.ir
3- Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health (Tehran Institute of Psychiatry), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (3848 Views)
Background and Aim: The aim of this study was to present a conceptual model of spiritual well-being in prevention of substance abuse in adolescent.
Materials and Methods: The present study was done with a qualitative meta-synthesis with systematic review of the studies present in the foreign and Iranian journals about spiritual well-being and the role of them in prevention of substance abuse in adolescents. The population of this study consisted of non-interventional archive studies that were done during 1986 -2016 in Oxford Journal, Science Direct, Wiley Online Library, Taylor&Francis, ProQuest, Springer, Iranmedex, Irandoc, SID and Magiran. Keywords were including of spiritual well-being, spirituality, prevention of substance abuse and adolescents.
Ethical Considerations: This study with ethics code 8797/1129 has been approved by Farabi Campus of University of Tehran.
Findings: After reviewing and evaluating the quality of the research, eventually 73 papers and theses included 8 Persian articles, 65 English papers including 11 theses and 54 articles were found and dissertations and finally conceptual model based on fisher (1998) theory's, wree presented. On this ground, subcategory of spiritual well-being was consisted of three theme of relationship with others, relationship with self and relationship with God. Each of them consisted of two subtheme of psychological health (interpersonal and intimate) and psychological well-being(interpersonal and intimate).
Conclusion: The results showed that spiritual well-being influenced on multiple dimensions of adolescent psychological health and well-being and prevention of adolescent substance abuse from this way.
Full-Text [PDF 666 kb]   (1281 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: General
Received: 2018/05/1 | Accepted: 2019/01/9

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