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Volume 24, Issue 2 (June & July 2021)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2021, 24(2): 278-291 | Back to browse issues page


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Ghandi Y, Sajadei N, Hashemi S M, Farahani J. Comparing Family-related Factors, Nutritional-behavioral Habits, and Lifestyle Between Obese and Non-obese Children. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2021; 24 (2) :278-291
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-6371-en.html
1- Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran. , drghandi1351@gmail.com
2- Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
Abstract:   (278 Views)
Background and Aim: Considering the importance of childhood obesity and easier correction of related factors in this age group, the present study aimed to investigate the role of some factors related to family, nutrition, and lifestyle on childhood obesity.
Methods & Materials: This age-matched case-control study was performed on 150 obese and 150 healthy children, aged 2-15 years referring to Amir-Kabir Hospital in Arak City, Iran. Obesity was calculated based on Body Mass Index (BMI). Required information, including family factors, nutritional factors, and lifestyle characteristics were collected by a checklist.
Ethical Considerations: This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Arak University of Medical Sciences (Code: IR.ARAKMU.REC.1396.119).
Results The results of Odds Ratio (OR) with 95% of Confidence Interval (CI) were in favor of father’s age of 25-35 and over 35 years (0.24), respectively, father’s overweight and obesity (3.87 and 3.57), mother’s overweight and obesity (3.81 and 5.5)7, more than three children per household (3.33), low and high consumption of fruits and vegetables (0.3 and 0.19), breakfast eating (0.43), dietary supplementation (2.68), consuming fast food (3.98), more than two hours of playing a computer game (3.5), chewing well (0.38), using food as a reward (1.89), as well as participating in food and table preparation (3.14). We found a dose-response association between children’s obesity and parents’ BMI, the number of children, and computer games.
Conclusion: Obesity is associated with some factors related to the family, such as nutrition, computer games, and lifestyle characteristics. Due to various risk factors and adjustable safeguards, it is necessary to provide families and children with proper education to reduce obesity. 
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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2020/06/23 | Accepted: 2021/05/18

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