Volume 24, Issue 5 (December & January 2021)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2021, 24(5): 716-729 | Back to browse issues page

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Moradi A, Ramin P. Evaluation of the Relationship Between Periapical Lesions and Tobacco Use by Panoramic Radiography in Bandar Abbas City in 1399. J Arak Uni Med Sci 2021; 24 (5) :716-729
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-6894-en.html
1- Department of Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran. , dr.anis moradi@gmail.com
2- Department of Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract:   (1574 Views)
Background and Aim: The research results show tobacco use increases cardiovascular and lung disorders or the probability of periodontitis in humans, while no definitive relations were yet confirmed. This study evaluates the relationship between periodontitis and tobacco use by panoramic radiography in Bandar Abbas City.
Methods & Materials: A total of 198 panoramic radiographs were classified into periapical healthy (n=99) and patient (n=99) groups. Radiologists assessed radiographs for periodontitis via Total Teeth Numbers (TTN), the quality and length of Root Filling Treatment (RFT), the number (NoRFT), and inadequate root filling treatment (RFTin), age, gender, the cigarette and hookah use, and dental debris. Data were analyzed by Chi-Square, t-test, and logistic regression.
Ethical Considerations: Due to the lack of therapeutic intervention and the preservation of patients’ characteristics, ethical considerations are not included in this study (Code: IR.HUMS.REC.1399.384)
Results: Tobacco, hookah use, TTN, and RFTin were different (P<0.01) in groups, but cigarette smoking, debris, RFT, NoRFT, and age were not. Women in the periodontitis group showed high (P<0.01) in tobacco, hookah use, and RFTin, while no gender differences were observed in other parameters. The logistic regression results showed that based on the Odd Ratio NoRFT (39.7), RFTin (36.8), `hookah (8.1), tobacco (6.57), debris (3.62), smoking (3.59), RFT (1.4) and TTN (0.89) were the highest (P<0.01). At the same time, age and gender did not affect periapical tissues. 
Conclusion: Hokka, tobacco, and cigarette use negatively affected the periapical tissues, respectively. The decrease in TTN and increase in debris and RFT were probably the effects of tobacco smoking on the periapical tissues. Age and gender were not related to the periapical lesions.
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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine
Received: 2021/05/10 | Accepted: 2021/07/20

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