Volume 25, Issue 1 (April & May- 2022)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2022, 25(1): 54-71 | Back to browse issues page


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Asadi N, Ahmadi A, Abbasi A. Investigating the Relationship Between Stress Management Training and Employee Work Ethics. J Arak Uni Med Sci 2022; 25 (1) :54-71
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-7155-en.html
1- Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, tehran, Iran..
2- Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, tehran, Iran.. , ahmadi_a30203@yahoo.com
3- Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, South Tehran Branch, Payam Nour University, tehran, Iran..
Abstract:   (739 Views)
Background and Aim The occupational environment, the type of work overload or underload, physical risks, how individuals adapt to the workplace, and face the family - work constitute the sources of stress or occupational distress. Job stress emerges as the duties and tasks assigned to people are more than their abilities. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between stress management training and work ethics of employees.
Methods & Materials This research was an applied study in terms of purpose, a mixed exploratory (qualitative and quantitative) study in terms of data, a content analysis (qualitative stage) and  cross-sectional survey (quantitative stage) in term of conduct. The study population in the qualitative section comprised experts (Experts in Psychology, Educational Management, and Social Medicine) according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. In the qualitative section, the study population included experts and managers who had received stress management training. Sample size and sampling method in qualitative part was based on the principle of theoretical saturation, resulting in 12 people using purposive sampling method. In the quantitative part, the sampling was based on the Cochran’s formula, resulting in 220 people who were selected using cluster sampling method. 
Ethical Considerations This barcode research was presented to the Ethics Committee and registered in the system (IR.IAU.TNB.REC.1400.121). 
Results The results showed that to deal with stressful situations, three basic strategies of event-focused coping, anxiety-focused coping, and avoidance-focused coping strategies can be used for stress management training models. Overall, the components presented for coping with stressful conditions have the necessary and appropriate validities. All three main coping strategies (event-focused, anxiety-focused, and refusal-focused) are suitable for explaining and fitting. So, they all are reliable and confirmed in the current research questionnaire of coping with stress.
 Conclusion Strategies for coping with stressful situations have a different effect on people’s professional work ethics so that the event-focused coping strategy has a significant positive relationship with professional ethics. On the other hand, the anxiety-focused and avoidance-focused coping strategies have negative and decreasing relationship with professional ethics. The more emphasis on the event-focused coping strategy, the more would be the professional ethics of individuals and the more emphasis on the anxiety-focused and avoidance-focused coping strategies, the less would be the professional ethics of individuals..
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Type of Study: Qulitative | Subject: General
Received: 2022/03/16 | Accepted: 2022/04/26

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