Volume 25, Issue 6 (February & March 2023)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2023, 25(6): 10-19 | Back to browse issues page


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Bayat Asghari A, Javaheri J, Manzari tavakoli A, Mollayi Zarandi H. The effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing on self-esteem of divorced women. J Arak Uni Med Sci 2023; 25 (6) :10-19
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-7382-en.html
1- PhD Student in Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Zarand Branch, Kerman, Iran
2- Arak, Basij Square, Department of Social and Family Medicine, Medical School, Great Prophet Campus, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran. , dr.javaheri@arakmu.ac.ir
3- Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch, Kerman, Iran
4- Islamic Azad University, Zarand Branch, Kerman, Iran
Abstract:   (353 Views)
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing on self-esteem in divorced women.
Methods: The current study was a semi-experimental pre-test and post-test design. The statistical population consisted of 260 divorced women aged 20 to 50.  60 women were selected based on the inclusion criteria and randomly assign to three groups of cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational interview therapy and control group. The instrument of data collection was Rosenberg Self- Esteem Questionnaire. For the experimental groups, 12 sessions of 75 minutes were held. No intervention was done for the control group. Before the interventions and at the end of the study, people in all groups filled out the questionnaire. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 25 software and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA).
Results: There was a significant difference between the three groups of cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational interview and the control group in the comparison of the mean score of self-esteem variables (P<0.05). Also, in the one-by-one comparison of the cognitive-behavioral therapy and motivational interview therapy groups with the control group, there was a significant difference in the post-test stage (P<0.05).
Ethical considerations: In this research, the principle of confidentiality, preservation of personal information and non-disclosure of the identity of the participants were ensured and it was reminded that the obtained information will only be used statistically.
Conclusions: The findings indicate that cognitive-behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing are effective in enhancing self-esteem in divorced women. It suggests that these two methods are used along with other psychological and pharmaceutical therapies for divorced women as a clinical intervention.
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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: psychology
Received: 2023/02/1 | Accepted: 2023/02/18

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