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Volume 19, Issue 2 (5-2016)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2016, 19(2): 68-79 | Back to browse issues page

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Gaeini A, Shafiei Neek L, Choobineh S, Baghban Eslaminejad M, Satarifard S, Mousavi S N. The Effects of the Preconception Endurance Exercise Training and Voluntary Exercise Activity during Pregnancy in C57BL/6 Mice on Lipid Profile of the Adult Offsprings. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2016; 19 (2) :68-79
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-4041-en.html
1- Department of Sport Physiology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. , aagaeini@yahoo.com
2- Department of Sport Physiology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Stem Cells and Developmental Biology, Cell Sciences Research Center, Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Cellular and Molecular Nutrition, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (3403 Views)

Background: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of preconception endurance exercise training with voluntary exercise activity during pregnancy in mother mice on lipid profile in adult offsprings.

Materials and Methods: Twenty four C57BL/6 female mice were randomly divided into four subgroups: trained in preconception period and exercised during pregnancy (TE)(20.3±1.02g); trained in preconception periods but unexercised during pregnancy (TC)(21.58±0.4g); untrained in preconception periods but exercised during pregnancy (CE)(21.02±0.23g); untrained and unexercised (CC)(19.23±0.45g). Trained mice were subjected to a protocol of moderate endurance exercise training over a period of 4 weeks for 5 days before pregnancy. The fasting blood samples were collected from adult mice(8 weeks old) and serum levels of glucose and lipid profile were measured. Data were analyzed using two way ANOVA and Tukey’s post hoc test.

Results: The Glucose test results in offspring showed that there was a significant interaction between group and sex and group main effect (p<0.001) Glucose levels of male offspring were significantly lower in TC and TE groups. Results on LDL also showed that the sex main effect was significant (p<0.001), and LDL levels of male born to TE and TC dams lower than in female offspring.

Conclusion: Improving the mother's physical fitness by providing regular endurance training in the preconception period and maintaining it by exercise activty throughout pregnancy may have potential for eliciting positive changes in lipid profile of offspring, specially males.

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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: General
Received: 2015/11/2 | Accepted: 2015/12/27

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