Volume 24, Issue 4 (October & November 2021)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2021, 24(4): 528-537 | Back to browse issues page

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Beheshtifard M, Alinejad S, Habibi D, Ghandi Y. Evaluation the Effectiveness of Ibuprofen in Improving Patent Ductus Arteriosus. J Arak Uni Med Sci 2021; 24 (4) :528-537
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-6375-en.html
1- School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
2- Department of Pediatric, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
3- Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
4- Department of Pediatric, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran. , drghandi1351@gmail.com
Abstract:   (899 Views)
Background and Aim: Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) is a common problem in premature neonates, especially in neonate’s low birth weight (LBW). This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of oral and intravenous ibuprofen in the management of PDA.
Methods & Materials: We enrolled 40 low birth weight neonates (gestational age <37 weeks) with PDA into semi-experimental study. the LBW neonates received ibuprofen as an initial dose of 10 mg/kg, followed by 5 mg/kg at 24 and 48 hours later. The exclusion criteria were congenital chromosome anomalies, congenital heart disease, asphyxia, sepsis. The PDA was initially confirmed by echocardiography. Treatment efficacy was evaluated by echocardiography after the treatment.
Ethical Considerations: This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Arak University of Medical Sciences (Code: IR.ARAKMU.REC.1396.265).
Results: Of the total participants 37.5% (female 25) were girls. Gestational age ranges from 29 to 36 weeks. The average birth weight was 1639±616 gr and the minimum of weight 750 gr. the mean gestational age was 30.4±4.0 weeks. After the first dose of ibuprofen, closure of PDA was observed in 32 patients (80%), PDA closed in eight patients (20%) with to repeat course ibuprofen. There was no significant relationship between the frequency of ibuprofen use with gestational age (P=0.06), birth weight (P=0.08), type of delivery (P=0.068) and multiple births (P=0.061).
Conclusion: Most LBW neonate with PDA responded to using the first course of ibuprofen. extremely, all LBW infants responded to the second course. it seems that ibuprofen is as effective as ibuprofen for PDA closure even in LBW infants.
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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2020/06/29 | Accepted: 2021/10/31

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