Volume 24, Issue 3 (August & September 2021)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2021, 24(3): 398-411 | Back to browse issues page


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Bakhtavar M, Shaddel S M, Mmomeni E, Nazari V. Needlestick Injuries and Associated Psychosocial Factors Among the Students of Dental School. J Arak Uni Med Sci 2021; 24 (3) :398-411
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-6417-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, School of Dentistry, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
2- Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
3- Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, School of Dentistry, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
4- Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran. , nazari.vahideh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1571 Views)
Background and Aim: Needlestick injury (NSJ) is a common occupational health problem among dental healthcare workers, putting them at significant risk for blood-borne infections. This study aimed to investigate occupational exposure to NSJ and the psychological factors associated with it among dentistry students.
Methods & Materials: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on students in the Arak school of dentistry training curriculum in the last three years in 2018. The questionnaires included questions about students’ awareness of NSJ conditions, the frequency of vaccinations, and antibody titration tests. The SCL-90 (Symptom checklist-90) questionnaire assessed psychological factors after NSJ in four dimensions of anxiety, phobia, self-morbidity, and depression. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistical methods and a chi-square test.
Ethical Considerations: The study was approved by the Arak University of Medical Sciences (Code: IR.ARAKMU.REC.1397.269).
Results: Of the eighty students surveyed, 59 students had experienced NSJ at least once. However, only 25.4% of students had reported the NSJ occurrence. The highest incidence rate of NSJ was reported in the endodontics section. In addition, 80% of students had received hepatitis B vaccinations. Based on the SCL-90 test, the anxiety dimension was more affected by NSJ than the other dimensions.
Conclusion: Despite the high prevalence of NSJ in dental students, the rate of reporting after the accident is very low. Also, due to the lack of attention to vaccination in some students, there is a need for more infection control training. Based on the SCL-90 test, the occurrence of NS is effective in causing psychological problems.
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Type of Study: Qualitative Study | Subject: Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine
Received: 2020/08/22 | Accepted: 2021/02/13

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