Volume 23, Issue 5 (December & January - Special Issue on COVID-19 2020)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2020, 23(5): 740-749 | Back to browse issues page

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Nasrollahzadeh Sabet M, Khanalipour M, Gholami M, Sarli A, Rahimi Khorrami A, Esmaeilzadeh E. Prevalence, Clinical Manifestation and Mortality Rate in COVID-19 Patients With Underlying Diseases. J Arak Uni Med Sci 2020; 23 (5) :740-749
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-6461-en.html
1- Department of Genetics and New Technologies, School of Medicine, Aja University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
3- Medical Genetics Lab, Beski Hospital, Gonbad-e Kavus, Golestan, Iran.
4- Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
5- Department of Genetics and New Technologies, School of Medicine, Aja University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran. , esmaeilzadeh@ajaums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (6072 Views)
Background and Aim: The new Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak initiated from China in late December 2019, has posed a great global health threat. Since patients with high blood pressure, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases are at high risk of COVID-19, this study aims to investigate the prevalence, severity, clinical manifestations, and mortality rate in COVID-19 patients with underlying diseases compared to those without underlying diseases.
Methods & Materials: This study was performed on 1408 patients with COVID-19 admitted to Golestan, Hajar, Khanevadeh and Besat hospitals in Tehran, Iran. Required data including disease prevalence, severity, clinical manifestations and mortality rate in patients with and without underlying diseases were collected and then analyzed using statistical tests in SPSS software, considering a significance level of P<0.05.
Ethical Considerations: This study was approved by the AJA University of Medical Sciences (Code: IR.AJAUMS.REC.1399.091). Ethical principles have been observed in accordance with the guidelines of the National Ethics Committee and the COPE regulations.
Results: Patients were 912 men (64.8%) and 496 women (35.2%) aged 18-98 years (Mean age= 57.8 years). Results reported that 27% of patients were intubated and 21.9% were died. Blood oxygen level in 53.7% of patients was less than 93 mg/dL; 36.1% had a history of hypertension, 24.1% had a history of diabetes, and 21.7% had a history of cardiovascular disease.
Conclusion: The severity, clinical manifestations, and mortality rate of COVID-19 patients with cardiovascular disease, diabetes and hypertension are significantly different compared to those without underlying diseases.
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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: COVID-19
Received: 2020/05/19 | Accepted: 2020/10/5

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