Volume 24, Issue 4 (October & November 2021)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2021, 24(4): 496-511 | Back to browse issues page


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Alavizadeh S M, Sepah Mansour M, Nokani M, Entezari S, Sabet M, Seirafi M, et al . Developing Germophobia Questionnaire: A Pilot Study on Psychometric Characteristics. J Arak Uni Med Sci 2021; 24 (4) :496-511
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-6543-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Electronic Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. , alavizadehsmr@gmail.com
2- Department of Psychology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Science, Arak, Iran.
4- Department of Psychology, Electronic Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
5- Department of Psychology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran.
6- Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran.
7- Department of Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
8- Department of Computer Engineering, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1233 Views)
Background and Aim: The World Health Organization has recently identified COVID-19 as a pandemic. The outbreak of the disease has caused many people around the world to become extremely frightened and they show phobic signs. The purpose of the present study was to develop and normalize of Germophobia Questionnaire (GPQ).
Methods & Materials: The participants were 113 individuals (74-female) of the Iranian population. They completed the GPQ and Y-BOCS.
Ethical Considerations: All ethical principles and privacy policies of the results informed the participants. This study was approved in the second session of the Psychological Committee of the Islamic Azad University of Tehran’s province in March 2020.
Results: The results illustrate that the GPQ has acceptable internal consistency with Cronbach’s alpha coefficient (a=0.67), reliability coefficients with split-half (0.72), and one-week test-retest (r=0.73); in addition, the GPQ demonstrate moderate convergent validity with contamination obsessions checklist of Y-BOCS (r=0.44) as a convergent coefficient; and finally, the exploratory factor analysis indicates three-factors of the GPQ. 
Conclusion: Based on these findings, the GPQ has acceptable and good psychometric properties; researchers can use the GPQ as a reliable and valid instrument for assessing the germophobia levels in epidemic and pandemic crises like COVID-19.
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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: psychology
Received: 2020/12/25 | Accepted: 2021/05/29

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