Volume 24, Issue 6 (February & March 2022)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2022, 24(6): 846-853 | Back to browse issues page

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Noorbakhsh A A, Kimiaiy Talab M. Examination of teeth in Lower and Upper Jaw Fracture Lines of Children Aged <12 Years Admitted to Bahonar Hospital, Kerman, Iran. J Arak Uni Med Sci 2022; 24 (6) :846-853
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-6951-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2- Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Rafsanjan University of Medical Science, Rafsanjan, Iran. , kimiaemahsa@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1090 Views)
Background and Aim: The most concern about children with head and face trauma is the effects of the trauma and the treatment on their growth considering the possibility that the teeth in different stages of evolution that are adjacent to the fracture line, have different prognosis in growth and deformity. The present study examines the situation of the teeth around fracture lines in order to check the effects of the trauma on the mentioned teeth.
Methods and Materials: Complete information of 28 under 12 years old patients with jaw fracture that were admitted in the Bahonar hospital from 2010 until 2016, was extracted from files and Teeth adjacent to fracture line were clinically evaluated. Panoramic graphs that were taken instantly after the surgery and in the next 6 to 24 months period were inspected. The information examined in the panoramic graphs contained the level of internal and external erosion pathological lesion, and growth rate of teeth adjacent to the fracture line.
Ethical Considerations: This article was ethically approved by ethical committee of Kerman University of Medical Sciences (ethical code: IR.KMU.REC.1396.1398).
Result: 60/7 percent of the fractures were occurred in the lower jaw which in 67/9 percent of the times were treated by internal fixation and 10/7 were treated by Open Fracture Reduction. 89/3 percent of cases were free of pathological lesion. In 78/6 percent of cases change in color and in 71/4 percent of cases dental necrosis was not observed. 82/1 percent of the teeth had reached full growth. 
Conclusion: Most of the teeth adjacent to the fracture line had reached full growth and lacked pathological, color change, root deformation and loose teeth problems and there was no Difference in Open Fracture Reduction and internal fixation.
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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine
Received: 2021/07/9 | Accepted: 2022/02/16

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