Volume 25, Issue 2 (June & July 2022)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2022, 25(2): 200-213 | Back to browse issues page

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Fazlollazadeh N, Habibian M, Askari B. Effect of Pilates and Vitamin D Supplementation on Quality of Life (QoL) and Mental Health of Overweight Men: A Randomized Clinical Trial. J Arak Uni Med Sci 2022; 25 (2) :200-213
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-7108-en.html
1- Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Qaimshahr Branch, Qaimshahr, Iran.
2- Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Qaimshahr Branch, Qaimshahr, Iran. , habibian_m@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (707 Views)
Background and Aim Evidence shows that vitamin D deficiency and obesity are associated with impaired physical and mental health. This study aims to investigate the effect of Pilates and vitamin D supplementation on quality of life and mental health of overweight men.
Methods & Materials This is a randomized clinical trial with a pre-test/post-test design. Fifty overweight men were selected by a convenience sampling method and were randomly divided into four groups of control, exercise, supplementation, and exercise+supplementation. The exercise and combined groups performed 8 weeks of Pilates at an intensity of 50-75% of heart rate reserve, three sessions per week. The supplementation and combined groups received 50,000 IU vitamin D capsule once per week. Assessment tools were the 36-item Short Form survey (SF-36) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). The data were analyzed by paired t-test, one-way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test. P˂0.05 was statistically significant.
Ethical Considerations This study was approved by the research ethics committee of Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch, Iran (Code: IR.IAU.BABOL.REC.1398.088).
Results Vitamin D status in subjects was lower than normal (<30 ng/mL) at baseline. Eight weeks of Pilates alone, vitamin D intake alone, and the combined intervention led to a significant increase in SF-36 (10.57%, 9.26% and 15.75%, respectively) and GHQ (12.66%, 10.72% and 17.90%, respectively). However, the effect of combined intervention was higher on the SF-36 (P<0.001) and GHQ (P<0.001) scores compared to two other interventions.
Conclusion It seems Pilates alone, vitamin D supplementation alone, and their combination can improve the quality of life and mental health in overweight people with vitamin D deficiency, where the combined intervention is more effective.
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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: General
Received: 2022/01/15 | Accepted: 2022/10/11

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