Volume 18, Issue 9 (12-2015)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2015, 18(9): 23-29 | Back to browse issues page

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Panahi M, Rakei Isfahani S, Amini M, Sadeghi Sadeh B. Effect of Retention Suture on Emergent Abdominal Laparotomy Wound Dehiscence. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2015; 18 (9) :23-29
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-3792-en.html
1- Department of Surgery, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
2- Department of Surgery, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran. , s.rakei@arakmu.ac.ir
3- Department of Social Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
Abstract:   (3362 Views)

Background: Despite advances in surgical techniques and risk management practices in recent years, wound dehiscence following abdominal laparotomy has still high prevalence. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of retention sutures on wound dehiscence of emergent abdominal laparotomy.

Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial study, 160 patients scheduled for emergency laparotomy for peritonitis or trauma were enrolled. Half of the patients randomly underwent retention suture and the other half underwent routine sutures. Finally, the amount of surgical wound dehiscence and complications were assessed. 

Results: Three patients (3.7%) in retention group and 11 patients (13.7%) in the control group developed wound dehiscence which there was a significant difference between them (p=0.025). It was determined by multivariate logistic regression that wound dehiscence is correlated with hemodynamic status, type of trauma and injury to the abdominal organs, and sex. The incidence of wound dehiscence, early hemodynamic instability, penetrating abdominal trauma and damage to the intestines were higher in males. 

Conclusion: In general, it seems that the preventive use of retention sutures in patients with multiple risk factors for postoperative wound dehiscence can be useful.

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Full-Text [PDF 491 kb]   (980 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Surgery
Received: 2015/06/23 | Accepted: 2015/08/29

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