Volume 21, Issue 7 (2-2019)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2019, 21(7): 80-91 | Back to browse issues page

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Aalizadeh B, Dostikhah N, Mohammadi F. Effect of Selective Physical Practice Intervention on Object Control Skills in 7-10 Year Old Children with Mental Disability. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2019; 21 (7) :80-91
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-5636-en.html
1- Young Researchers and Elite Club, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran. , bahman.aalizadeh@gmail.com
2- Department of Physical Education & Sport Science, Shoshtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shoshtar, Iran.
3- Department of Physical Education & Sport Science, Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abadan, Iran.
Abstract:   (329 Views)
Background and Aim: Children with mental disability have delayed object control motor skills. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of selective physical practice intervention on object control skills of 7-10 year old children with mental disability.
Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experiment study, 30 children aged 7-10 years with mental disability were selected from mentally disabled care centers of Ahvaz based on available time sampling and randomly classified in two experimental (height, 128.8±14.8; weight, 29±9.12) or control (height, 126. 5±15.7; weight, 31.12±28.2) groups. Then, they were evaluated by gross motor development subscales in pre-test. Participants in the experimental group trained 3 times a week, 45 mins each session in motor skill training programs for 8 weeks. Children in the control group, on the other hand, performed typical school activities and were not involved in regular sport training. A post-test was conducted after training period. Statistical analysis was done with one way-anova and paired T test using SPSS v. 20 software. The significant level was set at p< 0.05.
Ethical Considerations: This study was approved in Research Ethics Committee of Sport Sciences Research Institute with the code IR.SSRI.REC.1397.390.
Findings: The results revealed that 8-week selective physical practice significantly affected object control variables such as striking a ball with hand (p=0.001), dribbling (p=0.001), catching (p=0.001) and throwing (p=0.001), however it did not affect striking a ball with foot (p=0.001) and rolling significantly (p=0.001).
Conclusion: According to the finding of the present study, physical practice intervention seems to improve object control skills in children with mental disability.
Full-Text [PDF 587 kb]   (97 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: psychology
Received: 2018/02/20 | Accepted: 2018/07/8

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