Write your message
Volume 21, Issue 7 (2-2019)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2019, 21(7): 39-47 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Zare Bidaki Z, Jahangiri M M. Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment-based Therapy on Psychological Flexibility among Mothers with Autistic Children. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2019; 21 (7) :39-47
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-5754-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Mahallat Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahallat, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Mahallat Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahallat, Iran. , Jahangiri.mehdi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (701 Views)
Background and Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of acceptance-based treatment on psychological flexibility of mothers of children with autism disorder.
Materials and Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest with control group. The statistical population of the present study included mothers with autistic children referring to the autism community in Qom city at 2017. According to the semi-experimental design and Criteria for research, a sample of 30 patients (each group of 15) was selected voluntarily. Samples were randomly assigned to two experimental and control groups. The experimental group received 8 sessions of "acceptance and commitment therapy. The instrument for collecting information included the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II). Data were analyzed by SPSS software using covariance.
Ethical Considerations: This study with research ethics code IR.IAU.ARAK.REC.1396.39 has been approved by research ethics committee at Islamic Azad University of Mahallat, Iran.
Findings: Based on study findings, the acceptance- and commitment-based therapy had significant impact on psychological flexibility in mothers of children with autism.
Conclusion: Based on the findings, it can be concluded that acceptance and commitment therapy is effective in improving the mental health of mothers with childhood autism.
Full-Text [PDF 424 kb]   (309 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: psychology
Received: 2018/05/3 | Accepted: 2018/12/26

1. Kuhlthau K, Payakachat N, Delahaye J, Hurson J, Pyne JM, Kovacs E, et al. Quality of life for parents of children with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2014; 8(10):1339-50.
2. Totsika V, Hastings RP, Emerson E, Lancaster GA, Berridge DM. A population‐based investigation of behavioural and emotional problems and maternal mental health: Associations with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2011; 52(1):91-9.
3. Stein LI, Foran AC, Cermak S. Occupational patterns of parents of children with autism spectrum disorder: Revisiting Matuska and Christiansen's model of lifestyle balance. Journal of Occupational Science. 2011;18(2):115-30.
4. Falk NH, Norris K, Quinn MG. The factors predicting stress, anxiety and depression in the parents of children with autism. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. 2014; 44(12):3185-203.
5. Zablotsky B, Anderson C, Law P. The association between child autism symptomatology, maternal quality of life, and risk for depression. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. 2013; 43(8):1946-55.
6. Weitlauf AS, Vehorn AC, Taylor JL, Warren ZE. Relationship satisfaction, parenting stress, and depression in mothers of children with autism. Autism. 2014; 18(2):194-8.
7. Association AP. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®): American Psychiatric Pub; 2013.
8. Kim I, Ekas NV, Hock R. Associations between child behavior problems, family management, and depressive symptoms for mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2016; 26:80-90.
9. Ooi KL, Ong YS, Jacob SA, Khan TM. A meta-synthesis on parenting a child with autism. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment. 2016; 12:745-62.
10. Ogston PL, Mackintosh VH, Myers BJ. Hope and worry in mothers of children with an autism spectrum disorder or Down syndrome. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2011; 5(4):1378-84.
11. Rao PA, Beidel DC. The impact of children with high-functioning autism on parental stress, sibling adjustment, and family functioning. Behavior modification. 2009; 33(4):437-51.
12. Hsiao Y-J. Pathways to mental health-related quality of life for parents of children with autism spectrum disorder: Roles of parental stress, children’s performance, medical support, and neighbor support. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2016; 23:122-30.
13. Estes A, Munson J, Dawson G, Koehler E, Zhou X-H, Abbott R. Parenting stress and psychological functioning among mothers of preschool children with autism and developmental delay. Autism. 2009; 13(4):375-87.
14. 14.Sheikholeslami A, Mohammadi, N; Seyyed Esmaeili Qomi, Nastaran. Comparison of parental stress, happiness and cognitive flexibility of mothers with mentally retarded children and learning disabilities. Learning Disabilities. 2016; 5(4):25-42.
15. Tavakoli MI, Mozhgan. The Role of Cognitive Fatigue on Perfectionism, Psychological Flexibility and Stress Coping Strategie. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Sciences. 2015; 5(2):111-26.
16. Twohig MP. Acceptance and commitment therapy: Introduction. Elsevier; 2012.
17. Hayes SC, Strosahl KD, Wilson KG. Acceptance and commitment therapy: The process and practice of mindful change: Guilford Press; 2011.
18. Fledderus M, Bohlmeijer ET, Pieterse ME, Schreurs KMG. Acceptance and commitment therapy as guided self-help for psychological distress and positive mental health: a randomized controlled trial. Psychological medicine. 2012; 42(3):485-95.
19. Westin V, Hayes SC, Andersson G. Is it the sound or your relationship to it? The role of acceptance in predicting tinnitus impact. Behaviour research and therapy. 2008; 46(12):1259-65.
20. Weiss JA, Cappadocia MC, MacMullin JA, Viecili M, Lunsky Y. The impact of child problem behaviors of children with ASD on parent mental health: The mediating role of acceptance and empowerment. Autism. 2012; 16(3):261-74.
21. Blackledge JT, Hayes SC. Using Acceptance and Commitment Training in the Support of Parents of Children Diagnosed with Autism. Child & Family Behavior Therapy. 2006; 28(1):1-18.
22. Blackledge JT, Hayes SC. Emotion regulation in acceptance and commitment therapy. Journal of clinical psychology. 2001; 57(2):243-55.
23. Eifert GH, Forsyth JP, Arch J, Espejo E, Keller M, Langer D. Acceptance and commitment therapy for anxiety disorders: Three case studies exemplifying a unified treatment protocol. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice. 2009; 16(4):368-85.
24. Harris R. ACT made simple: An easy-to-read primer on acceptance and commitment therapy: New Harbinger Publications; 2009.
25. Hayes SC, Levin ME, Plumb-Vilardaga J, Villatte JL, Pistorello J. Acceptance and commitment therapy and contextual behavioral science: Examining the progress of a distinctive model of behavioral and cognitive therapy. Behavior therapy. 2013; 44(2):180-98.
26. Fashler SR, Weinrib AZ, Azam MA, Katz J. The Use of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in Oncology Settings: A Narrative Review. Psychological reports. 2018; 121(2):229-52.
27. Batink T, Bakker J, Vaessen T, Kasanova Z, Collip D, van Os J, et al. Acceptance and commitment therapy in daily life training: a feasibility study of an mHealth intervention. JMIR mHealth and uHealth. 2016; 4(3).
28. Moyer DN, Page AR, McMakin DQ, Murrell AR, Lester EG, Walker HA. The Impact of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Positive Parenting Strategies Among Parents Who Have Experienced Relationship Violence. Journal of Family Violence. 2018; 33(4):269-79.
29. Moghtadayi M, Khosh Akhlagh H. Effectiveness of Acceptance- and Commitment-Based Therapy on Psychological Flexibility of Veterans’ Spouses. Iranian Journal of War and Public Health. 2015; 7(4):183-8.
30. Hayes-Skelton SA, Orsillo SM, Roemer L. An acceptance-based behavioral therapy for individuals with generalized anxiety disorder. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice. 2013; 20(3):264-81.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Arak University of Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb