Volume 25, Issue 3 (August & September 2022)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2022, 25(3): 484-499 | Back to browse issues page


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Azam Rajabian A, Asghari Ebrahimabad M J, Aghamohammadian Sharbaf H, Rasoolzadeh Tabatabaei S K. Investigating the Causes of Body Dysmorphic Disorder in Women: Content Analysis. J Arak Uni Med Sci 2022; 25 (3) :484-499
URL: http://jams.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-7359-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran. , mjasghari@um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1015 Views)
Background and Aim There is almost no accurate information about the causes of body dysmorphic disorder. Many patients with body dysmorphic disorder who apply for plastic surgery show a negative response to these treatments and sometimes the symptoms get worse. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the causes of body dysmorphic disorder in women.
Methods & Materials The present research was a qualitative study with a content analysis type. Variables and categories were obtained by interviewing 15 experts and eight people with body dysmorphic disorder and reviewing 71 articles. Also, to diagnose body dysmorphic disorder, Yale Brown’s Practical Obsession Questionnaire was used in addition to the interviews. The sampling method in this research was purposive sampling. Data analysis was done in three stages: open, central, and selective coding. The validity of the components was checked by calculating the content analysis index.
Ethical Considerations In the research, before the interview, written consent was received regarding the specificity and confidentiality of the research (Code: IR.UM.REC.1401.105).
Results The influential factors in body dysmorphic disorder were: a. Cultural and social factors b. Psychological factors, and c. Biological factors.
Conclusion According to the obtained results, several factors play a role in the occurrence of body dysmorphic disorder, and their identification in different environments, cultures, and societies provides the possibility of developing preventive measures, and designing and developing a suitable treatment model. However, to increase the external validity of the research, it is suggested to conduct similar research in other societies.
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Type of Study: Qulitative | Subject: psychology
Received: 2023/01/1 | Accepted: 2023/01/31

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